Introduction
to the monograph by Burlakov M.V.
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(Basics of technology of discrete technological and information processes control automation)"
This monograph is devoted to the basics of a new science-intensive information technology of automation of control of discrete technological and information processes (IT AC DTIP). It was written by Burlakov Michael Viktorovich, the founder of this technology, a leading expert in the field of numerical optimization of discrete information processes, Doctor of Engineering, professor of the department of computer systems and networks of Gorlovka Regional Institute of Open International University of Human Development "Ukraine".
A natural question may arise in the reader: what for this technology is needed and whether it is urgent now?
The fact is that discrete processes are ubiquitous in various fields of human activities (manufacturing, construction, trade, transport, digital communications, services, etc.). And almost every such process is accompanied by a problem of efficiency of their control. The more complex is a discrete process, the more difficulties arises in the development for it of an mathematical optimization model and its subsequent software realization. This often needs a lot of money and time to hire professional analysts, mathematicians and programmers. That is why the usual practice is to develop a simplified (heuristic) strategy for controlling a specific process, which is usually not the best (optimal).
Thus, the problem of effective control of discrete processes for various purposes appears now very topical. In general, it can be successfully solved only through the creation and implementation to life of an appropriate information technology, based on a uniform scientific methodology and common techniques. This will allow to prepare specialists for practical solution of tasks of effective controlling these processes in different applied areas. The basics of such technology is the subject of this book.
The monograph consists of three parts, eight chapters, a list of notational conventions and bibliography. The attached to book CD-ROM includes seven sets of files of programs on the subject of IT AC DTIP.
The first part "System basics of technology" includes two chapters:
Chapter 1 "Introduction to technology" — it covers issues that are directly related to the essence of the being studied technology, as well as to the discrete processes from real life to which it applies;
Chapter 2 "Ways of implementation of technology" — it is devoted to the problem of practical implementation of the technology, as well as to the proposed ways of solving it.
The second part "Mathematical basics of technology" includes four chapters:
Chapter 3 "Varieties of random processes with discrete states" — it presents main notions from the theory of stochastic processes, which are used in the next chapters of the book;
Chapter 4 "Methodology of numerical optimization of controlled DPSs" — it expounds a uniform scientific methodology of numerical optimization of stationary discrete processes of service (DPS), which is the basis of the being studied IT AC DTIP;
Chapter 5 "Engineering technique of numerical optimizing DTIPs" — it is dedicated to practical application of the methodology of numerical optimizing DPS, for which is proposed a detailed engineering technique for numerical optimization of discrete technological and information processes (DTIPs);
Chapter 6 "Mathematical models of numerical optimizing DTIPs" — it examines the problem of development of specific mathematical models of numerical optimizing DTIPs; here are described two groups of models, the first of which consists of 10 test models for the fictional DTIPs, and the second — of 6 models for real discrete processes.
The third part "Program basics of technology" includes two chapters:
Chapter 7 "Peculiarities of creating software for technology" — it is dedicated to the development of software tools for solving tasks of finding numerically the optimal or close to them tabular strategies of control;
Chapter 8 "Five universal software tools to optimize real DTIPs" — it describes five universal software tools (local and network ones) on optimizing DTIPs, mathematical models of which are set out in the sixth chapter.
At the end of each chapter of the book is given a detailed list of questions for self-check, which enables you to control the degree of mastering the material.
On the attached CD-ROM are placed software tools that are designed both to use in educational process when prepating specialists on IT AC DTIP and to solve by the reader its relatively simple tasks of efficient control of discrete processes occurring in the following applied areas: a) network planning; b) investments; c) transportation; d) carriage of a passenger by public transport; e) expenses.
The monograph is designed for a wide range of people interested in the problems of effective control of discrete processes for different purposes. It can be used in the following three ways:
as a teaching tool in training of specialists on IT AC DTIP in higher education institutions of appropriate profile;
as a practical guide for the development of effective strategies of controlling discrete processes of various purpose;
for solution of specific tasks on this subject with the help of the program toolkit, that is described in the book and attached to it.