Quick info. A project is interpreted as a set of tasks or action items related to the achievement of the planned target, which typically has a unique and nonrecurring character (for example, construction of a new factory, creating a new serial product, etc.). Project management Ч an area of activity, during which are defined and achieved clear goals of the project in balancing between the volume of works, resources, time, quality and risks. At that, are solved the tasks of developing a plan of the project and supporting the latter in the process of its implementation.

Tasks on project management usually arise in such application areas as design, construction, manufacturing and business. To solve them, there are a lot of special software tools, the most famous of which is the Microsoft Project. Almost all of them realize only one technology of project management, based on the known methods of a critical path and PERT, and on the Gantt charts. Features of this technology, that is widely used in practice, are as follows:

The shortcomings of the existing technology of project management are, in the opinion of the founder of the IT AC DITP, the following:

Before outlining the essence of the proposed new technology of project management, we note the following: the cost and time of performing any project, i.e. its general indicators are determined by the volume of its works (a project plan), as well as by the assigned resources on their execution. In other words, each work of the project is characterized by two parameters that affect its general indicators: the cost and time of executing this work. If we thus abstract from any restrictions associated with the specificity of assignment of human and material resources for executing the project works, which is typical for the existing technology, then we will be able to solve such tasks of project management, which until now were not available, namely, the tasks of finding an optimal compromise between the cost (time) and time (cost) of performing the project or any remaining part of it. The offered technology allows to do it.

Below are listed its main features:

The advantages of the proposed new technology over the traditional technology of project management are as follows:

To realize the proposed technology, the founder of IT AC DTIP has created for it a key software tool Ч the multilingual program "Goal achievement optimization, version 2.2 (GAO 2.2)". It is designed to find the optimal compromise between the cost and time of performing the network graph, that presents a given set of chains of linked operations (ordinary and nested), aimed at achieving the set goal. Each of these operations is characterized by different options of values of the cost and net time of its execution, relating to the relevant resources, some of which may be temporarily unavailable.

GAO 2.2 allows to minimize the cost (or time) of performing the network graph with the set limits on time (cost) of its performance. The result of solving any task, presented in a tabular form, is a set of optimal options of executing all operations of the network graph for each specified limit of time (cost) of its performing. In particular, for each operation of the graph are pointed all its parameters, including the time range within which is possible to vary the start of its fulfillment. Such tasks can be solved as for the new network graph, which has not yet been optimized, and in the process of practical realization of the existing graph, the calculated optimal parameters of which have been found earlier, but in practice changed.

The basis of solving tasks of goal achievement optimization is the method of numerical optimization of discrete processes of service, as well as a unique scheme of optimizing such processes developed by the creator of the program.

There are developed two variants of GAO 2.2: the usual one (Multilingual local instrumental system (MLIS) of goal achievement optimization Ч MLIS GAO 2.2) and the network (Multilingual network instrumental system (MNIS) of goal achievement optimization Ч MNIS GAO 2.2).

MLIS GAO 2.2 is an offline program, designed for a particular user. MNIS GAO 2.2 is designed to provide network services to many users. This system consists of two parts: one remote module of optimization (MO), wherein occurs synthesis of optimal strategies of performing network graphs, and numerous automated work places (AWPs), that are targeted to specific users of MNIS. Each such AWP is designed to prepare by an individual user the input data of tasks to be solved and to output the results of their solution. Informational link between AWPs and MO is realized via Internet by exchange of files with input and output data. At that, MO is located on a network server, that provides operativity and full automation of the process of interaction between AWPs and this module.

For implementation to life of the proposed technology is enough to create a relatively simple program of project management (it is desirable that it was free), the main element of which will be MNIS GAO 2.2. Then, any individual or corporate user of this program will be able to solve through the Internet his tasks of project management of any complexity, while only paying for the results of their remote solutions.